Article source: Youth Relativity
The most searched topic recently is probably the "Physical Fitness Test".
Sports stars such as Fu Yuanhui, the first place in the preliminaries, Yu Hexin, who broke the national record, and Wang Jian, who broke the Asian record, were eliminated because of the failure of the "Physical Fitness Test".
Originally, Tucao was also my strength, and it was a public account that would scold the General Administration.
So, I found the former professional athlete "a short leg".
Want to pass
Sometimes, the "atmosphere" is outrageous because of more rational thinking.
In recent years, the level of domestic competitive sports has gradually declined. Compared with the total number of medals in the 3 Olympic Games from 2008 to 2016, China has declined significantly.
Let's look at our competitor-the United States still maintains its dominance. In addition, the results of the recent three Olympic Games of the United Kingdom and Japan have also improved steadily.
For the Tokyo Olympics, Japan, as the host, has a home court advantage, which is bound to have a big impact on China.
Our opponents are the United States and the United Kingdom. Their sports science developed earlier, and the American Physical Fitness Association, the British Physical Fitness Association and the Australian Physical Fitness Association are the world's top three authoritative organizations in the field of physical fitness training.
We are always at a disadvantage in sports dominated by physical fitness, such as track and field, basketball, football, and volleyball.
Even in swimming, the United States is in a dominant position, and Australia is ahead of China.
Let’s talk about our strengths, diving, table tennis, badminton, weightlifting, gymnastics, and shooting, all of which have declined to varying degrees.
Among them, gymnastics declined significantly.
American gymnast Byers swept 4 golds and 1 bronze at the Rio Olympics.
We think gymnastics is a technology-led event, but the emergence of Byers broke our traditional view.
She is an athlete who combines strength, speed, and technology, and can make more difficult moves that people can't match.
Comparing the figure of domestic athletes, the difference in strength and speed has been clearly seen.
We all know that the three elements of successful training: training, nutrition, and recovery.
At present, we are only focusing on training too much, even shouting the slogan "As long as we don't die, we will train to death".
This has caused a series of problems such as overtraining, fatigue, susceptibility to injuries, and shorter sports careers.
For example, Liu Xiang and Yao Ming.
Physical fitness training is very important for competitive sports. In fact, the General Administration of Sports has also recognized it, so it vigorously builds physical training venues and introduces advanced foreign physical training equipment.
At present, our training hardware facilities are improving year by year, and more and more digital training equipment is stationed in the national team and professional teams from various provinces.
But why our training conditions and facilities are getting better and better, but sports performance is declining year by year, and physical training is still not improving?
The main reason is that our "software" can't keep up.
The real training team includes technical coaches, physical fitness coaches, sports protection/physical therapists, nutritionists, doctors, and psychological counselors. We need the entire team to work together to achieve athlete protection.
But domestic coaches are more technically inclined.
To this end, the General Administration has repeatedly hired physical fitness teams from abroad to teach in China, such as AP, the world's most professional sports performance company, foreign experts in the field of physical fitness training Mike Boyle, and JC Santana.
为此，总局已多次从国外聘请体育健身队来中国教学，例如AP，全球最专业的体育表演公司，体育健身训练领域的外国专家Mike Boyle和JC Santana。
The national team has also hired many foreign physical fitness coaches, hoping to solve the shortcomings of physical fitness.
But all this is still a drop in the bucket, and the grassroots training teams of various provinces and cities still do not pay attention to physical training.
Speaking of this fitness test
In February 2019, the State Sports General Administration issued a notice on strengthening basic physical training and complementing physical shortcomings. The main content is to emphasize the important foundation of physical fitness.
Strengthen the implementation of physical training, and must be implemented, and inspect and accountable. Part of the training allowance will be deducted for athletes who do not meet the physical fitness standards and related persons in charge, and athletes who meet the standards will be rewarded. The most important thing is to promote basic-level youth physical training in local provinces and cities to solve the problem of premature specialization of young athletes.
The final score is used as the admission ticket for the Tokyo Olympics.
It can be said that when the General Administration of Sports makes this decision, it absolutely needs to bear a lot of pressure. The policy is not strong enough and the reform cannot be sustained.
Because the implementation of physical training does not have an immediate effect, it is a long-term benefit.
So many people are unwilling to do it, unwilling to reform.
Moreover, the leaders of this term propose reforms, and it is likely that the next leaders will benefit in the end. Who can think of the initiator of this policy?
This physical fitness test involves body composition (BMI), flexibility (sitting forward bending), speed (30 meters), explosive power (vertical jump), muscle strength/endurance (bench press, squat, pull-up, abdominal Muscles, back muscles), aerobic capacity.
These 10 events all belong to the basic physical fitness of athletes.
They should have established a good physical foundation in their youth, but they ignored these physical foundations because their coaches were eager for quick success and quick benefits to conduct specialized training early.
Sports performance is like a barrel effect. How high an athlete can walk depends on the board with the shortest basic physical fitness.
The shortest board may often be an important part of the athlete's injury risk.
The biggest problem in China is that athletes prematurely specialize in training and ignore the development of basic physical fitness!
According to the theory of adolescent growth and development, training during adolescence should be diversified, and basic physical fitness should be established for comprehensive development.
For example, in our youth sports, such as track and field, football can achieve certain results, but we have exposed the shortcomings in adult competitions!
Therefore, in the long run, premature specialization will hinder the future development potential of athletes, and the power imbalance and posture imbalance that it brings will lay the groundwork for future injury risks, and it will also greatly reduce the future development potential. Upper limit.
Many times, we only saw athletes who won gold, but we did not see how many talented athletes did not reach their talent limit and did not achieve ideal results due to unscientific training under the national system.
Zhou Qi, because he was once pushed to the forefront of the storm due to a bench press of 60kg, this is a typical focus on special training and ignore basic physical training.
He has gone smoothly in youth games and CBA. In the international and NBA arenas, his shortcomings of physical inadequacy are exposed, he is underweight, weak in strength, weak in confrontation, and not outstanding in mobility.
Look at the U.S. League again, there is a sharp contrast.
When we complained about the poor physical fitness of Chinese basketball players, have we ever wondered what caused this?
When I was leading the youth team to train, the small players once said that I was very surprised. We don't need to practice so much jumping. As long as the confrontation ability is enough and the position is good, we can guard against the opponent and grab the rebound.
Who instilled such a concept into athletes?
At present, the physical fitness test is indeed overcorrected, and the scoring standard of the test is very controversial!
The scoring standards are not scientific. Pull-ups require 40 full marks for men and 35 full marks for women, which is basically impossible for most projects.
In the 30-meter speed test, it takes 4.5 seconds for both men and women to reach the standard, which leads to the fact that most male athletes can reach the standard, while the female athletes can hardly reach the standard.
The BMI scoring standard is also funny.
Some people may question why athletes with good physical test scores do not perform well, while athletes with good performance
In fact, physical fitness is only a basic quality, which is one of the conditions for the development of special projects. The quality of sports performance also includes technical, tactical, and execution capabilities.
If you look carefully, the physical test results of many Olympic champions are still very strong!
All members of the Chinese weightlifting team and table tennis passed the physical fitness test. In the 50-meter freestyle competition, Liu Xiang ranked first in the physical test and achieved the Olympic A standard. Why did Liu Xiang, who is not strong in physical fitness, reach the first in the physical test?
Should we pay attention to how she achieved it?
And why is an athlete with better performance than her, logically should have better physical fitness, but cannot meet the physical fitness test?
The document issued in February and the competition will be held at the end of September. They originally had 6 months to have the opportunity to deal with this physical fitness test.
However, most athletes didn't pay much attention to it. The eighth place scored only 35 points!
There are only 5 items in this physical test, the vertical jump height test, the 30-meter sprint running timing test, the maximum number of pull-ups test, the trunk core strength test (4 directions) and the 3000-meter timing running test.
Trunk core strength of 10 points is the simplest. Needless to say, the importance of good core strength to swimmers?
The second is the height of vertical jump. Vertical jump is very important to swimmers. It is also the most important item that determines the ability of athletes to jump and turn around.
There is also a full score of 11 points for men in 3000 meters. As a professional high jumper, the author can also run to the top of 11 points. Therefore, for swimmers with better aerobic endurance, getting 4 points within 13 points within 6 months should not be enough. Very difficult, right?
And why can't it?
Should we reflect on whether athletes and coaches value it?
In recent years, the State Sports General Administration has also vigorously promoted physical training and scientific training, and invited many domestic and foreign experts, large and small, to hold corresponding training courses, hoping to improve the professional foundation of excellent domestic coaches.
In contrast, after the State Sports General Administration issued the physical fitness test standards, the grassroots, coaches, and athletes of all provinces and cities have increased their emphasis on physical training.
A large number of specialized physical fitness competitions were held, and shortcomings were found through tests.
At the same time, the grassroots teams are constantly improving the physical training facilities and training environment for athletes to establish a foundation for future scientific training.
Again, the implementation of physical training is important for athletes’ development
Although there will be pain in the short term, the effect will gradually manifest over time.
This has also promoted the overall development of the physical fitness of young athletes and improved the disadvantages of premature specialization of young athletes.
In addition, a large amount of physical fitness test data is also valuable from the perspective of China's sports science research. Through data analysis, we can continuously improve the scientific development of our competitive sports.
Let me tell you something that everyone does not know. The Chinese National Rowing Team is the best team that has done scientific training. It attaches importance to physical training, nutrition, and recovery.
At present, scientific training and training teams have also seen results.
So why does the Chinese rowing team meet the physical fitness standards?
I also hope that the majority of athletes will not have too much resistance, pain makes people progress, refreshing, and harmful.