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亚博最新消息-体育总局遭讽刺 体能测试到底是"毒药"还是"良药"?



发布日期:2021-03-21 00:14:02 发布者:Admin5  点击率:

Article source: Youth Relativity

文章来源:青年相对论

The most searched topic recently is probably the "Physical Fitness Test".

最近搜索最多的主题可能是“体适能测试”。

Sports stars such as Fu Yuanhui, the first place in the preliminaries, Yu Hexin, who broke the national record, and Wang Jian, who broke the Asian record, were eliminated because of the failure of the "Physical Fitness Test".

由于“体能测试”的失败,淘汰了预赛第一名的富源辉,打破国家纪录的于和欣和打破亚洲纪录的王健等体育明星。

Originally, Tucao was also my strength, and it was a public account that would scold the General Administration.

最初,吐槽也是我的强项,它是一个公共账目,会责骂总署。

So, I found the former professional athlete "a short leg".

因此,我找到了前职业运动员“短腿”。

Want to pass

想通过

Sometimes, the "atmosphere" is outrageous because of more rational thinking.

有时,由于更加理性的思考,“气氛”令人发指。

In recent years, the level of domestic competitive sports has gradually declined. Compared with the total number of medals in the 3 Olympic Games from 2008 to 2016, China has declined significantly.

近年来,国内竞技体育水平逐渐下降。与2008年至2016年三届奥运会的奖牌总数相比,中国的奖牌数量大幅下降。

Let's look at our competitor-the United States still maintains its dominance. In addition, the results of the recent three Olympic Games of the United Kingdom and Japan have also improved steadily.

让我们看看我们的竞争对手-美国仍然保持着统治地位。另外,英国和日本最近三届奥运会的成绩也稳步提高。

For the Tokyo Olympics, Japan, as the host, has a home court advantage, which is bound to have a big impact on China.

对于东京奥运会来说,日本作为东道主具有主场优势,这必将对中国产生重大影响。

Our opponents are the United States and the United Kingdom. Their sports science developed earlier, and the American Physical Fitness Association, the British Physical Fitness Association and the Australian Physical Fitness Association are the world's top three authoritative organizations in the field of physical fitness training.

我们的对手是美国和英国。他们的体育科学发展较早,美国体育健身协会,英国体育健身协会和澳大利亚体育健身协会是体育健身培训领域的世界前三大权威组织。

We are always at a disadvantage in sports dominated by physical fitness, such as track and field, basketball, football, and volleyball.

在以身体健康为主导的体育运动中,例如田径,篮球,足球和排球,我们始终处于劣势。

Even in swimming, the United States is in a dominant position, and Australia is ahead of China.

即使在游泳方面,美国也处于主导地位,澳大利亚领先于中国。

Let’s talk about our strengths, diving, table tennis, badminton, weightlifting, gymnastics, and shooting, all of which have declined to varying degrees.

让我们谈谈我们的优势,潜水,乒乓球,羽毛球,举重,体操和射击,这些都在不同程度上有所下降。

Among them, gymnastics declined significantly.

其中,体操显着下降。

American gymnast Byers swept 4 golds and 1 bronze at the Rio Olympics.

美国体操运动员拜尔斯在里约奥运会上获得了4金1铜。

We think gymnastics is a technology-led event, but the emergence of Byers broke our traditional view.

我们认为体操是一项技术主导的活动,但是Byers的出现打破了我们的传统观点。

She is an athlete who combines strength, speed, and technology, and can make more difficult moves that people can't match.

她是一名结合了力量,速度和技术的运动员,可以做出人们无法比拟的更困难的动作。

Comparing the figure of domestic athletes, the difference in strength and speed has been clearly seen.

比较国内运动员的身材,可以清楚地看到力量和速度上的差异。

We all know that the three elements of successful training: training, nutrition, and recovery.

我们都知道成功培训的三个要素:培训,营养和康复。

At present, we are only focusing on training too much, even shouting the slogan "As long as we don't die, we will train to death".

目前,我们只专注于训练过多,甚至高喊“只要我们不死,我们就会训练到死”的口号。

This has caused a series of problems such as overtraining, fatigue, susceptibility to injuries, and shorter sports careers.

这导致了一系列问题,例如过度训练,疲劳,易受伤害以及运动生涯缩短。

For example, Liu Xiang and Yao Ming.

比如刘翔和姚明。

Physical fitness training is very important for competitive sports. In fact, the General Administration of Sports has also recognized it, so it vigorously builds physical training venues and introduces advanced foreign physical training equipment.

体能训练对竞技体育非常重要。实际上,体育总局也对此予以认可,因此大力兴建体育运动场馆,并引进了国外先进的体育运动装备。

At present, our training hardware facilities are improving year by year, and more and more digital training equipment is stationed in the national team and professional teams from various provinces.

目前,我们的培训硬件设施正在逐年提高,越来越多的数字培训设备部署在国家队和各省的专业队中。

But why our training conditions and facilities are getting better and better, but sports performance is declining year by year, and physical training is still not improving?

但是,为什么我们的训练条件和设施越来越好,运动成绩却逐年下降,而体育锻炼却没有改善?

The main reason is that our "software" can't keep up.

主要原因是我们的“软件”跟不上。

The real training team includes technical coaches, physical fitness coaches, sports protection/physical therapists, nutritionists, doctors, and psychological counselors. We need the entire team to work together to achieve athlete protection.

真正的培训团队包括技术教练,体能教练,运动保护/物理治疗师,营养师,医生和心理咨询师。我们需要整个团队共同努力,以保护运动员。

But domestic coaches are more technically inclined.

但是国内教练更倾向于技术。

To this end, the General Administration has repeatedly hired physical fitness teams from abroad to teach in China, such as AP, the world's most professional sports performance company, foreign experts in the field of physical fitness training Mike Boyle, and JC Santana.

为此,总局已多次从国外聘请体育健身队来中国教学,例如AP,全球最专业的体育表演公司,体育健身训练领域的外国专家Mike Boyle和JC Santana。

The national team has also hired many foreign physical fitness coaches, hoping to solve the shortcomings of physical fitness.

国家队还聘请了许多外国身体素质教练,以期解决身体素质的弊端。

But all this is still a drop in the bucket, and the grassroots training teams of various provinces and cities still do not pay attention to physical training.

但是,这一切仍然是杯水车薪,各省市的基层训练队仍然不重视体育锻炼。

Speaking of this fitness test

说到这项体能测试

In February 2019, the State Sports General Administration issued a notice on strengthening basic physical training and complementing physical shortcomings. The main content is to emphasize the important foundation of physical fitness.

2019年2月,国家体育总局发布了关于加强基础体育锻炼和弥补体能缺陷的通知。主要内容是强调身体健康的重要基础。

Strengthen the implementation of physical training, and must be implemented, and inspect and accountable. Part of the training allowance will be deducted for athletes who do not meet the physical fitness standards and related persons in charge, and athletes who meet the standards will be rewarded. The most important thing is to promote basic-level youth physical training in local provinces and cities to solve the problem of premature specialization of young athletes.

加强体育锻炼的实施,必须予以实施,检查和问责。对不符合体能标准的运动员和有关负责人,将扣除部分培训津贴,对符合标准的运动员给予奖励。最重要的是在当地省市推广基础水平的青少年体育锻炼,以解决青年运动员过早专业化的问题。

The final score is used as the admission ticket for the Tokyo Olympics.

最终分数将用作东京奥运会的门票。

It can be said that when the General Administration of Sports makes this decision, it absolutely needs to bear a lot of pressure. The policy is not strong enough and the reform cannot be sustained.

可以说,国家体育总局做出这一决定时,绝对需要承受很大的压力。政策不够强大,改革无法持续。

Because the implementation of physical training does not have an immediate effect, it is a long-term benefit.

由于体育锻炼的实施并没有立竿见影的效果,因此是一项长期利益。

So many people are unwilling to do it, unwilling to reform.

如此多的人不愿意这样做,也不愿意改革。

Moreover, the leaders of this term propose reforms, and it is likely that the next leaders will benefit in the end. Who can think of the initiator of this policy?

而且,本届领导人将提出改革建议,下一届领导人最终可能会受益。谁能想到这个政策的发起者?

This physical fitness test involves body composition (BMI), flexibility (sitting forward bending), speed (30 meters), explosive power (vertical jump), muscle strength/endurance (bench press, squat, pull-up, abdominal Muscles, back muscles), aerobic capacity.

这项身体素质测试涉及身体成分(BMI),柔韧性(向前弯曲坐姿),速度(30米),爆发力(垂直跳跃),肌肉力量/耐力(卧推,深蹲,上拉,腹肌,背部肌肉) ),有氧能力。

These 10 events all belong to the basic physical fitness of athletes.

这10个项目都属于运动员的基本身体素质。

They should have established a good physical foundation in their youth, but they ignored these physical foundations because their coaches were eager for quick success and quick benefits to conduct specialized training early.

他们应该在年轻时就建立了良好的身体基础,但是他们却忽略了这些身体基础,因为他们的教练渴望早日获得成功并获得快速收益,以进行专门培训。

Sports performance is like a barrel effect. How high an athlete can walk depends on the board with the shortest basic physical fitness.

运动表现就像桶效应。运动员可以走多高,取决于基本身体素质最短的木板。

The shortest board may often be an important part of the athlete's injury risk.

最短的滑板通常可能是运动员受伤风险的重要组成部分。

The biggest problem in China is that athletes prematurely specialize in training and ignore the development of basic physical fitness!

在中国,最大的问题是运动员过早地专注于训练,却忽视了基本身体素质的发展!

According to the theory of adolescent growth and development, training during adolescence should be diversified, and basic physical fitness should be established for comprehensive development.

根据青春期生长发育的理论,应在青春期进行多样化的训练,并为全面发展建立基本的身体素质。

For example, in our youth sports, such as track and field, football can achieve certain results, but we have exposed the shortcomings in adult competitions!

例如,在我们的青少年运动中,例如田径,足球可以取得一定的成绩,但是我们暴露了成人比赛中的缺点!

Therefore, in the long run, premature specialization will hinder the future development potential of athletes, and the power imbalance and posture imbalance that it brings will lay the groundwork for future injury risks, and it will also greatly reduce the future development potential. Upper limit.

因此,从长远来看,过早的专业化将阻碍运动员的未来发展潜力,而其带来的力量失衡和姿势失衡将为未来的伤病风险打下基础,也将大大降低未来的发展潜力。上限。

Many times, we only saw athletes who won gold, but we did not see how many talented athletes did not reach their talent limit and did not achieve ideal results due to unscientific training under the national system.

很多时候,我们只看到获得金牌的运动员,但是却没有看到有多少有才华的运动员由于国家体制下的不科学训练而没有达到他们的才能极限并没有达到理想的结果。

Zhou Qi, because he was once pushed to the forefront of the storm due to a bench press of 60kg, this is a typical focus on special training and ignore basic physical training.

周琦,因为他曾经因60公斤卧推而被推到风暴的最前线,这是对特殊训练的典型关注,而忽略了基本的身体训练。

He has gone smoothly in youth games and CBA. In the international and NBA arenas, his shortcomings of physical inadequacy are exposed, he is underweight, weak in strength, weak in confrontation, and not outstanding in mobility.

他在青年比赛和CBA比赛中表现良好。在国际和NBA竞技场上,他身体上的不足之处暴露无遗,他体重不足,力量薄弱,对抗能力薄弱且行动不便。

Look at the U.S. League again, there is a sharp contrast.

再看一下美国联赛,形成了鲜明的对比。

When we complained about the poor physical fitness of Chinese basketball players, have we ever wondered what caused this?

当我们抱怨中国篮球运动员身体不佳时,我们是否想知道是什么原因造成的?

When I was leading the youth team to train, the small players once said that I was very surprised. We don't need to practice so much jumping. As long as the confrontation ability is enough and the position is good, we can guard against the opponent and grab the rebound.

当我带领青年队训练时,小球员们曾经说过我很惊讶。我们不需要练习太多的跳跃。只要对抗能力足够而且位置不错,我们就可以防守对手并抢下篮板。

Who instilled such a concept into athletes?

谁将这样的概念灌输给运动员?

At present, the physical fitness test is indeed overcorrected, and the scoring standard of the test is very controversial!

目前,体能测验的确过高,测验的评分标准极具争议!

The scoring standards are not scientific. Pull-ups require 40 full marks for men and 35 full marks for women, which is basically impossible for most projects.

评分标准不科学。引体向上要求男子40分,女子35分,这在大多数项目中基本上是不可能的。

In the 30-meter speed test, it takes 4.5 seconds for both men and women to reach the standard, which leads to the fact that most male athletes can reach the standard, while the female athletes can hardly reach the standard.

在30米的速度测试中,男女都需要4.5秒才能达到标准,这导致大多数男性运动员可以达到标准,而女性运动员几乎无法达到标准。

The BMI scoring standard is also funny.

BMI评分标准也很有趣。

Some people may question why athletes with good physical test scores do not perform well, while athletes with good performance

有些人可能会质疑为什么体能考试成绩好的运动员表现不佳,而表现好的运动员

In fact, physical fitness is only a basic quality, which is one of the conditions for the development of special projects. The quality of sports performance also includes technical, tactical, and execution capabilities.

实际上,身体素质只是基本素质,这是特殊项目发展的条件之一。体育表演的质量还包括技术,战术和执行能力。

If you look carefully, the physical test results of many Olympic champions are still very strong!

如果仔细看,许多奥运冠军的身体测试结果仍然非常强劲!

All members of the Chinese weightlifting team and table tennis passed the physical fitness test. In the 50-meter freestyle competition, Liu Xiang ranked first in the physical test and achieved the Olympic A standard. Why did Liu Xiang, who is not strong in physical fitness, reach the first in the physical test?

中国举重队和乒乓球运动的所有成员均通过了体能测试。在50米自由泳比赛中,刘翔在体格测试中排名第一,并达到了奥林匹克A级标准。身体素质不强的刘翔为什么在体检中达到第一?

Should we pay attention to how she achieved it?

我们应该注意她的成就吗?

And why is an athlete with better performance than her, logically should have better physical fitness, but cannot meet the physical fitness test?

又为什么为什么一个表现比她更好的运动员在逻辑上应该具有更好的身体素质,却不能通过身体素质测试呢?

The document issued in February and the competition will be held at the end of September. They originally had 6 months to have the opportunity to deal with this physical fitness test.

2月发布的文件和竞赛将于9月底举行。他们最初有6个月的时间有机会进行这项体能测试。

However, most athletes didn't pay much attention to it. The eighth place scored only 35 points!

但是,大多数运动员并没有对此给予太多关注。第八名仅获得35分!

There are only 5 items in this physical test, the vertical jump height test, the 30-meter sprint running timing test, the maximum number of pull-ups test, the trunk core strength test (4 directions) and the 3000-meter timing running test.

此物理测试只有5个项目,垂直跳高测试,30米短跑跑步计时测试,最大引体向上测试,后备箱芯强度测试(4个方向)和3000米计时跑步测试。

Trunk core strength of 10 points is the simplest. Needless to say, the importance of good core strength to swimmers?

行李箱的核心力量只有10点。毋庸置疑,良好的核心力量对游泳者的重要性?

The second is the height of vertical jump. Vertical jump is very important to swimmers. It is also the most important item that determines the ability of athletes to jump and turn around.

第二个是垂直跳跃的高度。垂直跳对游泳者非常重要。这也是决定运动员跳跃和转身能力的最重要项目。

There is also a full score of 11 points for men in 3000 meters. As a professional high jumper, the author can also run to the top of 11 points. Therefore, for swimmers with better aerobic endurance, getting 4 points within 13 points within 6 months should not be enough. Very difficult, right?

在3000米范围内,男子也获得11分的满分。作为专业的跳高运动员,作者还可以跑到11分的最高点。因此,对于有氧耐力更好的游泳者来说,在6个月内在13分之内获得4分还不够。很困难吧?

And why can't it?

为什么不能呢?

Should we reflect on whether athletes and coaches value it?

我们是否应该反思运动员和教练是否看重它?

In recent years, the State Sports General Administration has also vigorously promoted physical training and scientific training, and invited many domestic and foreign experts, large and small, to hold corresponding training courses, hoping to improve the professional foundation of excellent domestic coaches.

近年来,国家体育总局还大力推广体育锻炼和科学训练,并邀请国内外大大小小的专家举办相应的培训班,以期提高国内优秀教练员的专业基础。

In contrast, after the State Sports General Administration issued the physical fitness test standards, the grassroots, coaches, and athletes of all provinces and cities have increased their emphasis on physical training.

相比之下,国家体育总局发布体能测试标准后,各省市的基层,教练员和运动员更加重视体育锻炼。

A large number of specialized physical fitness competitions were held, and shortcomings were found through tests.

举办了许多专门的体能比赛,通过测试发现了缺点。

At the same time, the grassroots teams are constantly improving the physical training facilities and training environment for athletes to establish a foundation for future scientific training.

同时,基层队伍不断完善运动员的体育锻炼设施和训练环境,为以后的科学训练奠定基础。

Again, the implementation of physical training is important for athletes’ development

同样,体育锻炼的实施对运动员的成长很重要

Although there will be pain in the short term, the effect will gradually manifest over time.

尽管短期内会出现疼痛,但随着时间的流逝,效果会逐渐显现。

This has also promoted the overall development of the physical fitness of young athletes and improved the disadvantages of premature specialization of young athletes.

这也促进了青年运动员身体素质的全面发展,并改善了青年运动员过早专业化的弊端。

In addition, a large amount of physical fitness test data is also valuable from the perspective of China's sports science research. Through data analysis, we can continuously improve the scientific development of our competitive sports.

此外,从中国体育科学研究的角度来看,大量的体能测试数据也很有价值。通过数据分析,我们可以不断改善竞技体育的科学发展。

Let me tell you something that everyone does not know. The Chinese National Rowing Team is the best team that has done scientific training. It attaches importance to physical training, nutrition, and recovery.

让我告诉您一些所有人都不知道的事情。中国国家赛艇队是经过科学训练的最好的队伍。它重视体育锻炼,营养和恢复。

At present, scientific training and training teams have also seen results.

目前,科学培训和培训团队也已见成效。

So why does the Chinese rowing team meet the physical fitness standards?

那么中国划船队为什么要达到体能标准呢?

I also hope that the majority of athletes will not have too much resistance, pain makes people progress, refreshing, and harmful.

我也希望大多数运动员不会有太大的阻力,痛苦会使人进步,精神焕发和有害。

 
 
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