The new crown epidemic is raging around the world, and the Premier League has to lower its head.
The last time there was a "shutdown" in England's top league was in 1939. Seeing this, you don't need to say that you should have guessed the reason for that shutdown.
On August 26, 1939, the 1939-40 season of England's top league (Legacy League) was officially opened. On the first match day, a total of 600,000 spectators came to the scene. Many people still had a illusion of peace.
On September 1, 1939, Hitler ordered the invasion of Poland, and the German armored division quickly broke through the defense of the Polish army. At this time, the British football league was still going on as usual. On September 3, 1939, British Prime Minister Chamberlain formally declared war on Germany, and then the British government announced that it would ban public gatherings, and the League A league that had only played three rounds ended.
By the way, before the lockout, "Blackpool" Blackpool ranked first with 3 wins and 3 wins, but the FA did not award them a championship trophy.
The love of football has already penetrated into the blood of the British. Even if the League One is gone, they still come up with a variety of ways to continue playing.
On September 14, the British government issued a decree allowing friendly matches between clubs, but the number of spectators in each game should not exceed 8,000. Later, this standard was relaxed to 15,000 people.
Subsequently, in order to cope with the "distance no more than 50 miles" restriction, various regions simply launched regional leagues. Take London as an example. Arsenal, Chelsea, Tottenham, Fulham and West Ham form a division, Brighton, Crystal Palace, Watford, QPR, etc. form another division, and the entire English league is divided in this way. It became 7 partitions.
After occupying Poland, Hitler did not immediately launch an offensive against Western European countries. During the half-year-long "false war", an event called "War Cup" came into being. According to the plan, all 147 games were compressed to nine weeks.
Things backfired. Before the championship was decided, the Germans invaded France, and the self-deception policy of appeasement could no longer be played.
In June 1940, a few days before the "War Cup" finals, the retreating British and French forces had just fled from Dunkirk, and air raid alarms were sounded over the British Isles. Even so, 42300 fans still ventured to Wembley to watch the final between West Ham and Blackburn. One month later, the Luftwaffe dropped its first bomb on London.
From September 1940 to May 1941, the Luftwaffe carried out 127 large-scale night attacks on Britain, blew up 2 million houses, killed 60,000 civilians, and injured nearly 90,000 people. London, as the number one target, was hit harder. .
Many famous stadiums were severely damaged in the air strikes, including Chelsea’s Stamford Bridge Stadium, Sheffield United’s Bramar Lane Stadium, Southampton’s Valley Stadium, etc. Arsenal’s Highbury was temporarily requisitioned as an air attack warning center. The Gunners had to share the White Hart Lane with their arch rival Tottenham.
But the air strikes did not destroy the deep-rooted British football, and various forms of competitions continue. Churchill believes that football helps to improve the morale of the country, so instead of relaxing the restrictions on football games.
In the history of British football, where many celebrities are born, Harry Gosling's name is not well known to most people. But in that era of smoke, he was an out-and-out national hero.
On March 15, 1939, German troops invaded Czechoslovakia, and war seemed inevitable. On April 8, before the start of Bolton's home game against Sunderland, Bolton captain Gosling delivered an impassioned speech to the fans.
"Our country is in danger, but if everyone stays calm and knows what to do, we can overcome it. This is the responsibility of each of us and cannot be left to others."
At the time, the 30-year-old Gosling was considered one of England's best defenders. The book "War Wanderer" describes him like this: He is a tall, strong, and straightforward man. His excellent physical fitness coupled with a friendly and firm personality makes him the best choice for captain. His leadership has changed the club. fate.
Gosling's speech greatly encouraged his teammates. After the war began, 32 of Bolton's first team's 35 players joined the army, and the remaining three were also involved in logistics support. Among them, 17 people including Gosling were assigned to the 53rd Bolton Field Regiment.
During the "false war", these players were busy and played several regional league games on behalf of Bolton. Gosling also represented the England national team in the friendly match with Scotland in December 1939.
After the outbreak of the Western Front, the Bolton Field Regiment was sent to support France, but was attacked by a German armored division. The capable Gosling destroyed 4 German tanks alone, and was promoted to lieutenant. However, the war was merciless. Among the 17 Bolton players, only Gosling and other 6 people managed to withdraw from Dunkirk to England.
For the next two years, the Bolton Field Regiment was responsible for guarding the coastline and building fortifications. In the summer of 1942, they followed Montgomery to the North African battlefield and successfully prevented Rommel, who drove all the way into Cairo. In October, the Allied forces began to counterattack, achieving a victory in the Battle of Alamein, and finally driving the Desert Fox out of North Africa.
After the North Africa campaign, the Bolton Field Regiment went to Italy. This time, the situation was not so smooth. When crossing the Sangro River, they fell into a bitter battle. Several of Gosling's Bolton teammates were nearly killed. Gosling himself was hit in the back by shrapnel in the shelling, and died a few days later at the age of 34.
Knowing the bad news, the "Bolton Evening News" wrote a eulogy for Gosling: "Harry Gosling is one of the best professional players, not only in a personal sense, but also for the Bolton club and for the entire football game. So, it is a pity that he lost his life in the war."
During World War I, Britain formed a "football battalion" composed entirely of players, and Frank Barkley, who had played for Manchester United, served as a senior commander in this team. In 1939, the 56-year-old Barkley applied to return to the battlefield, but was rejected because of his age.
第一次世界大战期间，英国组成了一个“足球营”，完全由球员组成，曾为曼联效力的弗兰克·巴克利（Frank Barkley）担任该队的高级指挥官。 1939年，现亚博最新域名年56岁的巴克利（Barkley）申请返回战场，但因他的年龄而被拒绝。
Barkley was serving as the head coach of the Wolves. He had nowhere to serve his country, and instead called on his disciples to join the army.
According to statistics released by the Football Association in 1945, from the declaration of war on Germany in 1939 to the end of the war, more than 700 players went to the battlefield. Among them, 91 were from Barkley’s Wolves, 76 were from Liverpool, 65 were from Huddersfield, 63 were from Leicester, 62 were from Charlton, 52 were from Burnley, and 44 were from Chelsea. .....
However, the baptism of World War I has made many people realize how terrible modern warfare is, and not everyone is willing to step on the battlefield.
England international Ricky Carter joined the Sunderland Fire Brigade after the outbreak of World War II. His actions were interpreted as avoiding war. Next, as long as Carter appears on the stadium, fans will greet him with boos.
In the eyes of people at the time, players had better physical qualities than ordinary people, and it was only natural to participate in the game. In desperation, Carter eventually joined the Royal Air Force.
During World War II, most of the players' roles in the army were physical trainers related to their profession and did not need to fight. But there are also some players like Gosling who resolutely embarked on a road of no return:
Walter Sidbotham was a promising young star in English football at the time. He made his first Premier League appearance at the age of 18. In November 1943, his ship was sunk by a torpedo in the English Channel. Unfortunately, he himself drowned and was only 22 years old;
The goalkeeper, Bill Dean, joined Arsenal in 1940. At that time, he excitedly said to his friends: "My dream has finally come true!" But before he could really start his gunman career, he was in the Royal Navy in 1942. Was killed in a military operation;
Herbie Roberts played 333 times on behalf of Arsenal and was the main force to help the team complete the league's three consecutive championships from 1932-1935. He served as a lieutenant in the Royal Rifle Team during World War II and died of erysipelas in 1944. If he can survive the war, he may be remembered by more people as a team legend.
Bill Shankly's phrase "Football has nothing to do with life and death, football is higher than life and death" is now being more and more questioned. Especially in the current epidemic situation, this sentence is often misunderstood as contempt for life.
As everyone knows, Shankly is also one of the many players who participated in World War II. It was after experiencing life and death personally and seeing the cruelty of war that he left this famous saying in the future. In an era when people around them could fall down at any time, football turned into a kind of faith and became the best thing in their hearts.
For those of us who are fighting disasters today, what is it?
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